Issue One 2016
2016, Vol. 3, issue 1, (June)
Importance of the carious activity of the parents in connection with premature tooth loss in their children
The carious activity of parents is a risk factor for carious lesions and premature extraction in children. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between the DMFT index of the parents and premature tooth loss in their children.
Methods and materials: The study covers 140 children between 6 and 9 years old. The control group consists of 50 children and the clinical group consists of 90 children with prematurely extracted teeth. The patients from the clinical group were divided into three groups of 30 patients. А special questionnaire was filled by the parents of the examined children about their own dental status. We determine the dental condition of the parents as good when they have DMFT index less than 3; as satisfactory – DMFT – 3 or 4; and as bad – DMFT more than 4. A statistically significant difference was found in the distribution of groups depending on the condition of the teeth of parents (P = 0.001 for the mothers and P < 0.0001 for the fathers). While in the control group the condition of the teeth of the parents is good or satisfactory, in the groups with prematurely extracted teeth, a significant proportion of the parents are with bad dental status. Conclusions: The results are indicative of the possibility of the presence of a genetic predisposition for caries activity, respectively risk of premature tooth loss, as in the children from the study group or lack of caries protective behavior in the families.
Authors:Radosveta Stojanova Andreeva; Department of pediatric dentistry, FDM, Medical University of Varna;
Milena Todorova Georgieva; Department of pediatric dentistry, FDM, Medical University of Varna;
Evgeni Vladimirov Dimitrov; Department of pediatric dentistry, FDM, Medical University of Varna;
Mariana Iordanova Dimova-Gabrovska; Department of prosthetic dentisry, FDM, Medical University of Sofia;