Issue Two 2020
2020, Vol. 7, issue 2, (December)
The role of parents health literacy for the development of dental caries in children
Introduction: Dental caries is a multifactorial infectious disease starting at early age. This requires the dental specialists to emphasize on the prevention of dental caries in children of different ages. Many researchers underline the relationship between the health habits of the children and the key role of their parents in the maintenance of the oral health. Health literacy of the parents is very important for the development of children health related habits.
Aim: The aim of this research is to determine the relationship between oral health literacy of the parents and the oral health of their children.
Methods and materials: The study includes 104 children from 6 to 10 years old and their parents that were examined in the practice of the main researcher. During the examination process, the parents fulfilled a questionnaire, estimating their knowledge about oral health, employment, educational level, area of living. Examination included the prevalence of caries among children of different ages, different components of DMF(T+t) index, the correlation between the health literacy of the parents, the intensity of dental caries among children
Results: The results from the survey show that most of the parents have low level of health literacy; the low level of parents education is related to low level health literacy. The Low level of parents literacy is related to the carious status in children from different group of ages
Authors:Nikolai Stanev; Department of Pediatric Dental Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University-Varna;
Lilia Doichinova; Department of Pediatric Dental Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University-Sofia;
Radosveta Andreeva-Borisova; Department of Pediatric Dental Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University-Varna;