MedInform

Journal of Medical and Dental Practice

www.medinform.bgISSN 2367-6795

Issue One 2020

2020, Vol. 7, issue 1, (January)

Publisher: Medinform LTD
ISSN: 2367-6795
Pages: 1065-1093
Date of close: 2020/01/13

Literature Review

Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis

Modern medicine and advanced research nowadays allow clinicians to correctly diagnose and treat recurrent aphthous stomatitis, which can impact affected individuals functionally, psychosocially and economically. This review has been designed to investigate the diagnosis and treatment options of RAS based on the etiopathogenesis of the …

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Authors:

Elitsa Deliverska; Department of Dental, Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Sofia;
Payam Forghani; Student in Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Sofia;
Aaron Kooner; Student in Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Sofia;

Case Reports

Visual and laser-fluorescence diagnosis with Vistacam of first permanent molar before and after silanization

Caries detection on occlusal surfaces and its perfection are main object of scientific interest in dentistry. The initial assessment of hard tooth tissue is normally visual. Apart from purely visual diagnosis, there are other methods for the detection of caries on occlusal surfaces. Some of …

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Authors:

Lilyana Shtereva; Assistant professor in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Plovdiv, Bulgaria;
Veselina Kondeva; Associate professor in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Plovdiv, Bulgaria;

Original Article

Characteristic of dental and oral health of Bulgarian patients with end-stage liver disease

Various pathological conditions of the liver can cause inflammation, which could lead to hepatocyte necrosis and subsequently over time to liver fibrosis, which adversely affects the overall health.   The major etiological factors for liver disease are uncontrolled alcohol intake and viral hepatitis. In the …

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Authors:

Yordan Galabov; Department Oral and Imaging diagnostics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Sofia, Bulgaria;
Assya Krasteva; Department Oral and Imaging diagnostics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Sofia, Bulgaria;

Literature Review

Clinical Chalenges in Differential Diagnosis of Oral Lesions

Differential diagnosis of oral mucosal lesions is primarily evaluated using a diagnosis algorithm or protocol, together with the clinical presentation of the lesion, anamnesis of the patient and the clinical knowledge of the clinician. This review has been designed to investigate the most prevalent lesions …

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Authors:

Elitsa Deliverska; Department of Dental, Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Sofia;
Payam Forghani; Student in Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Sofia;
Aaron Kooner; Student in Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Sofia;

Case Reports

Comparison between visual and laser-fluorescence diagnosis of occlusal surfaces of first permanent molars. Literature review and clinical cases

Introduction: Proper examination of occlusal surfaces is one of the main objects of scientific interest in dental medicine. A number of diagnostic methods have been established, which purpose is more accurate diagnostics, however, the accurate diagnosis of the occlusal surface of newly erupted first permanent …

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Authors:

Lilyana Shtereva; Assistant professor in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Plovdiv;
Veselina Kondeva; Associate professor in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Plovdiv;

Original Article

Oral hygiene and gingival status in teeth restored with dental amalgam

Dental amalgam has been a basic restorative material in dentistry for over 150 years due to its low cost, universal availability, ease of application. It has protected many patients from pulp complications, extractions and edentulous. It is still used in many countries, especially in dental …

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Authors:

Vladimir Panov; Department of Conservative Dentistry and Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University, Varna;
Martina Markova; Department of Conservative Dentistry and Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University, Varna;

Literature Review

Oral herpetic infections in children

Herpetic gingivostomatitis is a viral infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), or oral herpes. Young children commonly get it when they are first exposed to HSV. The first outbreak is usually the most severe. HSV can easily be spread from one child to …

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Authors:

Payam Forghani; Students in Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Sofia;
Ioanna Polichroniadou; Students in Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Sofia;
Nadezhda Mitova; Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University of Sofia;

Case Reports

Mineral trioxide aggregate apical plug method for the treatment of nonvital immature permanent molars

Apexification with calcium hydroxide as an apical barrier technique was the treatment of choice for immature necrotic teeth with incomplete roots and large apical foramina. However, long treatment time required for formation of apical barrier, multi-visit treatment sessions necessitating patient compliance and tooth fracture susceptibility …

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Authors:

Krasimir Hristov; Department Of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty Of Dental Medicine, Medical University- Sofia;
Nataliya Gateva; Department Of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty Of Dental Medicine, Medical University- Sofia;
Nadezhda Mitova; Department Of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty Of Dental Medicine, Medical University- Sofia;

Literature Review

Tooth stabilization after dental trauma

Traumatic injuries of teeth can be seen very often and sometimes they can be challenging to treat. Different treatment approaches exist and each of them has specific indication. Dental trauma can be classified into three main categories: damage of hard dental tissues and pulp, lesions …

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Authors:

Alexandros Zeimpekis; Military dentist at Naval and Veterans Hospital of Athens, BSc, DDS, MD candidate;
Ioanna Polichroniadou; Graduate student in Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University Sofia;
Dimitar Kosturkov; PhD, Assistant professor, Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University Sofia;

Original Article

Clinical study of patients with arthropathy due to craniomandibular disorders

Craniomandibular disorders affect the structures of the masticatory system and manifest themselves with variations in the volume of movement, changes in strength characteristics, pain symptoms, and more.   Purpose of this study is to examine the changes in the masticatory system of patients suffering from …

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Authors:

Mariana Dimova-Gabrovska; Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia;
Desislava Dimitrova; Private practice – Sofia, Bulgaria;
Bozhidar Yordanov; Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia;
Todor Uzunov; Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia;
Nikolay Apostolov; Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University – Sofia;

Case Reports

Laser gingivectomy in orthodontic treated patient

Background: Gingival enlargement is a common feature of gingival diseases. The treatment of gingival enlargement is based on the understanding of the etiology and pathology of this condition and can be treated by gingivectomy approach. The use of diode lasers in gingivectomy procedure reduces the …

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Authors:

Iva Yordanova; Faculty of Dental Medicine. Varna, Bulgaria;
Svetlana Dineva; Faculty of Dental Medicine. Varna, Bulgaria;

Original Article

Guided tissue regeneration in the distal area of mandibula – case report

Background: Applying the periodontal regenerative surgical techniques improve the long-term clinical outcomes of teeth which are periodontally compromised by intrabony or inter-radicular defects. Periodontal diseases affecting the distal surfaces of multirooted teeth can be very serious problem. Different surgical techniques are proposed for treatment of …

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Authors:

Irena Georgieva; Department of Periodontology and Dental implantology, Dental faculty, Medical University Varna, Bulgaria;

Original Article

Dentists` Awareness of white spot lesions during treatment with fixed orthodontic appliances

Introduction: Fixed orthodontic appliances are used for the treatment of jaw deformities for a certain period of time, but they are a risk factor for development of dental caries, because they are retentive and support plaque accumulation. The elements of fixed orthodontic technique can change …

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Authors:

Elena Dimova; Department of Pediatric Dental Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University-Varna;
Liliya Doichinova; Department of Pediatric Dental Medicine 2, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University-Sofia;
Radosveta Andreeva-Borisova; Department of Pediatric Dental Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University-Varna;